### Complexity argument

- Complex versus simple systems
- Complex systems must be created by more complex systems
- Seems intuitively correct
- Foundation for most of philosophies
- The necessity for a Supreme Being

- Starting in the 1950s, researches started asking other questions
- Von Neumann - self-replicating machines
- Led to the idea of simple systems being able to create complexity
- Cellular Automaton
- Create mathematical randomness
- More importantly, create complexity
- Mathematically complex
- Satisfy the Turing model

- Automatons more than games
- Model physical interactions
- Model social interactions
- A standard case: ants
- A limited set of rules
- All localized interactions
- No central control

- Implications for our understanding of automaton models
- Traditional language of the ant colony
- Hierarchical language model
- Queen
- Workers
- Drones
- Soldiers

- It is easy to deconstruct the aristocratic language
- Describes a hierarchy pyramid
- Presumes the complexity creates complexity model

- The challenge is to reconstruct the language to reflect the simple-rule organization based on the observed roles and functions
- Queen
- Workers
- Drones
- Soldiers

- This kind of language reconstruction will have a measurable impact on our understanding of philosophy